10 Fun Math Activities for Your Preschool Mathematician

Photo of author
Written By Olivia Miller

Author at Montessori Expert.

Math isn’t just about numbers on a page. For young children, it’s about exploration, discovery, and making sense of the world around them.

Montessori math activities nurture this natural curiosity, transforming everyday experiences into engaging opportunities to develop foundational math skills.

Math doesn’t have to be worksheets and drills! These 10 Montessori-inspired activities use everyday household items to turn playtime into a fun learning experience for your preschooler.

Activity 1: Sorting Fun

sorting game activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Cereal (different shapes), bowls, spoon

How to Perform: Pour a mix of cereal with different shapes (Cheerios, squares, puffs) into a bowl. Give your child two or three empty bowls and a spoon. Show them how to sort the cereal pieces by shape, placing each type in its own bowl. This activity strengthens sorting skills and introduces basic shape recognition.

Area of Development: Sorting skills, Shape recognition

Activity 2: Counting Cheerios

counting cheerios activity
counting cheerios activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Cereal (Cheerios or similar), cup

How to Perform: Fill a cup with Cheerios. Sit down with your child and count the Cheerios together, one by one. You can sing a counting song or clap your hands with each count to make it more engaging. This activity strengthens basic counting skills.

Area of Development: Counting skills

Activity 3: Button Sorting

button sorting activity
button sorting activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Buttons (different colors and sizes), egg cartons or muffin tins

How to Perform: Collect buttons in various colors and sizes. Turn an egg carton or muffin tin upside down to create sorting compartments. Show your child how to sort the buttons by color or size, placing each button in its own compartment. This activity strengthens sorting skills and color recognition.

Area of Development: Sorting skills, Color recognition

Activity 4: Building with Blocks

building blocks activity
building blocks activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Building blocks

How to Perform: Building with blocks is a timeless activity that helps preschoolers develop many skills. Provide your child with a set of blocks and encourage them to build towers, houses, or anything their imagination desires. As they build, talk about concepts like big and small, tall and short, and counting the blocks they use. This activity strengthens spatial reasoning, fine motor skills, and basic math concepts.

Area of Development: Spatial reasoning, Fine motor skills, Basic math concepts

Activity 5: Sock Puppet Counting

sock puppet show activity
sock puppet show activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Socks, googly eyes (optional), markers

How to Perform: Decorate two or three socks with googly eyes and markers to create simple sock puppets. Put on a puppet show for your child, counting the puppets as you introduce them. You can also have them count the number of times the puppets perform an action, like jumping or waving. This activity strengthens basic counting skills in a fun and interactive way.

Area of Development: Basic counting skills

Activity 6: Number Line Hop

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Masking tape, marker, open space (floor or hallway)

How to Perform: Use masking tape to create a simple number line on the floor or hallway. Mark each section of tape with a number, starting from 1 and going as high as you like. Play hopping games with your child, instructing them to hop on specific numbers or counting the number of hops they take to reach a certain point. This activity strengthens number recognition and basic addition skills.

Area of Development: Number recognition, Basic addition skills

Activity 7: Playful Baking

playful baking activity
playful baking activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Ingredients for baking (cookies, muffins, etc.), measuring cups/spoons

How to Perform: Get your preschooler involved in the kitchen! When baking cookies or muffins, let them help you measure the ingredients using measuring cups and spoons. Talk about the different sizes of cups and spoons and how many spoonfuls it takes to fill a cup. This activity strengthens basic measuring skills and introduces fractions (half cup, quarter cup).

Area of Development: Measuring skills, Introduction to fractions

Activity 8: Beanbag Toss

beanbag toss activity
beanbag toss activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Beanbags (homemade or store-bought), bucket, markers

How to Perform: Decorate a bucket with numbers written on the sides. You can use beanbags or socks filled with dried beans. Take turns tossing the beanbags into the bucket, counting how many land in each numbered section. This activity strengthens basic counting skills and introduces the concept of addition (counting the total number of beanbags in the bucket).

Area of Development: Basic counting skills, Introduction to addition

Activity 9: Nature Scavenger Hunt

scavenger hunt activity
scavenger hunt activity

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Basket, paper (optional)

How to Perform: Head outdoors for a nature scavenger hunt! Give your child a list of things to find, such as 5 leaves, 3 pebbles, or 2 flowers. They can collect their treasures in a basket and count them when they return home. This activity strengthens counting skills and connects math with the natural world.

Area of Development: Counting skills, Math and nature connection

Activity 10: Coin Sorting Race

Age Group: 3-5 years old

Materials: Coins (pennies, nickels, etc.), two bowls or containers

How to Perform: Gather a small collection of coins (pennies, nickels, etc.) Set a timer and challenge your child to sort the coins by type (pennies in one bowl, nickels in another) as quickly as they can. This activity strengthens sorting skills and introduces basic speed and recognition.

Area of Development: Sorting skills, Speed and recognition

math activity image use for pinterest

Conclusion: Cultivating a Lifelong Love of Learning

By incorporating these activities, you’ll be nurturing your child’s natural mathematical curiosity. Montessori math goes beyond rote memorization, fostering a love for exploration, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills that will benefit them throughout their lives.

Leave a Comment

25 Easy & Fun Montessori Activity Ideas for Your Child

Boost your child's growth and development with these 25 fun and educational Montessori activities. Don't miss out on this FREE printable guide!